Oakeshott Type XVII Sword with Scent Stopper Pommel Dec 5, 2013 11:56:42 GMT
Post by Jack Loomes on Dec 5, 2013 11:56:42 GMT
Period: late 14th Century
Description: Hand-and-a-half sword or bastard sword. (Type XVII). Large well-formed pommel in the shape of a truncated wedge, rounded at the top where it is cut into ridges, two on each side of the tang-rivet, set at right-angles to the plane of the blade. The tang-rivet button is in the form of a small stepped pyramid. The main faces are faintly ridged, vertically, and the edges are strongly chamfered. Stout tang of flat rectangular section, stamped on one side with a well-marked Gothic capital letter B. Cross of quadrangular section slightly arched from the thickened midpoint, deeply slotted on the underside to take the shoulders of the blade, the slot being considerably wider than the blade itself. Blade, long and acutely tapering, of flattened hexagonal section, lightly fullered in the upper third. There is a mark (a sword or dagger) inlaid in latten upon either face of the blade, 5.7 cm (2 1/4") below the hilt.
Found on the bed of the Great Ouse at Ely, Cambridgeshire, 1845. On the back of the blade is a legend in white paint stating, incorrectly, that it was taken from the River Cam at Ely. This is a mistake, which has been perpetuated ever since in every literary reference to it.
Production Place (legacy): Europe, production, continent
Production Note(s): Western Europe
While there are very many examples of this type (XVII) of sword, only a few survive with hilts - i.e. pommel and cross - of the same exact form as this. The most notable are two swords taken in the 19th century from the graves of two knights, Frederiks von Tarant and Friedrich von Griffenstein, in the Abbey church of Königsfeld in Aarau, Switzerland. These knights fell in the battle of Sempach (1386) and were buried in the nearby Abbey. The sword on Von Tarant has a very similar mark on the blade, except that there are two swords side-by-side and an added cross fourche. Another rather small example is in the collection of Mr R.T. Gwynn of Epsom, Surrey. There is a similar one, with a shorter grip, in the Odescachi Collection in Rome.
Technique(s): casting (process); whole
inlay (process); decoration
Material(s): steel; whole brass (alloy); decoration
Technique Description: sword, cast and inlaid with brass in the fuller
Dimension(s): length, whole, 105.5, cm length, blade, 82.0, cm width, blade at hilt, 3.7, cm length, tang, 23.7, cm width, cross, 32.3, cm weight, whole, 1.15, kg
Acquisition: given; 1934-07-30; The Friends of the Fitzwilliam Museum
Provenance: W.B. Redfern Coll., see Sotheby's sale catalogue, 20th June, 1934, lot 107, ill. pl. iii, but bought privately beforehand.
Inscription: mark; on the tang; stamped; armourers mark
Documentation: Laking, G.F.. 1920-22. A Record of European Armour and Arms Through Seven Centuries.London?: p. p. 254
Publ. Vol. II, p. 254, fig. 630
Oakeshott, R. Ewart. 1960. The Archaeology of Weapons. London?: Publ. pl. 16c, National Art-Collections Fund1935. National Art-Collections Fund Thirty-first Annual Report 1934.London?: p. p. 60 Publ. p. 60, no. 946, ill. opposite
Oakeshott, R. Ewart. 1991. Records of the Medieval Sword. Woodbridge: p. pp. 158-9 Publ. Illustrated and discussed, pp. 158-9, XVII.I. Dated to c.1370-1400
Oakeshott, R. Ewart. 1964. The Sword in the Age of Chivalry. London?: Lutterworthp. p. 66 Publ. p. 66, figs. 39 and 40
Zeitschrift für Historische Waffen-und-Kostumkunde. Publ.
Oakeshott, R. Ewart. Arms and Armour in the Fitzwilliam. Source Title: Apollo CXXVI (July-1987) p. pp. 20-4 Publ. Illustrated and discussed, pp. 20-24, on p. 21, figs. 2 & 3 (sword and hilt) text pp. 21-22
Redfern, W.B.. On Some Choice Sword-Hilts. Source Title: Connoisseur LXV CCLIX (1923) Publ.
Oakeshott, R. Ewart. 1987. The ''Sempach'' Family of Swords.London?: Source Title: The Fourth Park Dane Arms Fair(February-1987) p. pp. 7-15
Publ. The Fourth Park Dane Arms Fair, 20th and 21st February, 1987, Catalogue designed and produced by Apollo Magazine, London, pp. 7-15, ill. pp. 10 & 11, fig. 5a and b.
Accession: Object Number: M.2-1934 (Applied Arts) (record id: 18841; input: 2001-01-25; modified: 2011-12-02)