17th Century English Oakeshott Type X Cruciform Sword Nov 15, 2013 9:25:08 GMT
Post by Jack Loomes on Nov 15, 2013 9:25:08 GMT
*Editor's Note: Note the exotic fullering that begins to be seen more frequently from the 15th century onward. This sword though removed by time from classic Type X swords such as the 'Viking' type of sword, is nonetheless a Type X. Oakeshott mentions that this type indeed continued to be popular well after the end of the medieval period, albeit in an altered form.
Culture: England (London) and Germany (Solingen)
Medium: Steel, Silver, Wood, Copper Alloy, Iron and Gold
Measurements: L. overall 39 1/4 in. (99.7 cm), L. blade 30 1/4 in. (76.8 cm), Wt. 2 lbs. 6 1/2 oz. (1.09 kg)
This rare and finely made sword comprises a silver-decorated cross-hilt by a London silversmith or cutler and a richly etched and gilded blade by the bladesmith Clemens Horn of Solingen, Germany. It represents a style that was fashionable in England in the early seventeenth century and is associated with the court of King James I. Related examples include swords made for the king himself and for his sons, Charles and Henry, Prince of Wales. The extensive and accomplished figural designs on the hilt rank this sword among the very best examples of the style.
The iron pommel and cross-guard are covered with inset silver plaques or friezes decorated with miniature masterpieces of relief sculpture showing putti riding long-necked sea monsters and dolphins through the waves. Further research may eventually connect this sword with one of the royal cutlers—such as Robert South, John Cradocke, Thomas Cheshire, and Nathaniel Mathewe—who are known to have made or supplied similar swords to the royal family and other English noblemen of the period.
Extract of Records of the Medieval Sword regarding Oakeshott Type X: sword-site.com/thread/251/index-ewart-oakeshotts-medieval-typologies